Chapter 1: The Middle East
Overview: The Middle East reviews the region from its earliest days as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It then looks at the more recent challenges of war and terrorism. It considers changes the Middle East underwent in the twentieth century and the spread of nuclear weapons there in the twenty-first. Any discussion of this region must include its most sought after natural resource: oil.
a. Know why the Middle East is viewed as a cradle of western civilization.
b. Know the characteristics of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
c. Know about changes in the Middle East during the 20th Century.
d. Know the different groups of people who live in the Middle East.
e. Know what historical events contributed to the founding of modern Israel.
f. Know about the historical events associated with the Six-Day War of 1967.
g. Comprehend how the Yom Kippur War of 1973 affected Arab-Israeli relations.
h. Know the various attempts at lasting peace in the Middle East.
i. Know the historical situation of Iraq under the rule of Saddam Hussein.
j. Know the historical events associated with the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
k. Know the events surrounding the 2003 US invasion of Iraq.
l. Know the US attempts to stabilize Iraq since the 2003 invasion.
m. Know the general impact of terrorism in the world.
n. Know how radical Islamist beliefs contribute to terrorism.
o. Know the events associated with the 9/11 attacks and the Global War on Terror.
p. Know the importance of the production and distribution of oil and energy.
q. Comprehend how the clash of Middle Eastern and Western cultures affects relationships between people from Middle Eastern and people from Western cultures.
r. Know the importance of nuclear nonproliferation and the Iranian Issue for the United States.
s. Know the importance of the water problem in the Middle East.