• Chapter 3: Africa

    Overview:  Africa covers a continent subject to outside influences, from Arab merchants and Islam to European traders and Christianity. Ethnic clashes have long marred the region. Pirates patrol some areas and hinder trade. AIDS, malaria, and other diseases kill thousands each year. Yet Africa is rich with natural resources, such as oil and diamonds, and US and European development agencies are working hard to help. This chapter looks at the area’s potential and what’s being done to encourage it.

    Chapter Objectives

    1. Know the five major regions of Africa.
    2. Know the natural resources of Africa.
    3. Know the distinctive characteristics of African culture.
    4. Know the main ethno-linguistic groups in Africa.
    5. Know the main language groups in Africa.
    6. Comprehend how Islam, Christianity, and indigenous religions influence Africa.
    7. Know the pre-colonial period of African history.
    8. Know the colonial period of African history.
    9. Know the history and impacts of African independence.
    10. Comprehend how ethnic and sectarian politics undermined democracy in Africa.
    11. Comprehend the tensions between Arabs and Africans in Sudan.
    12. Comprehend the tensions between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda.
    13. Comprehend the tensions between Afrikaners, English, and Africans in Zimbabwe and South Africa.
    14. Know the civil wars of Liberia, Sierra Leone, and the Congo.
    15. Know the main health challenges in Africa.
    16. Know the extent and impact of AIDS in Africa.
    17. Know the recurring problems with famine in Africa.
    18. Know the main environmental issues facing Africa.
    19. Know the human rights issues in Africa.
    20. Know the challenges of resources and commerce in the regions of Africa.
    21. Know the immigration trends associated with Africa.
    22. Comprehend the challenges associated with pirating and lawlessness in Somalia.
    23. Comprehend the US and European development efforts in Africa.