Chapter 2 – The Historical Roots of Contemporary Management Practice
Overview: Lesson 1 - “Management Theories”. The ways that historical theories currently influence what managers do today is discussed. Students will see the important links between past theories, present actions, and future innovations. They will learn that today’s innovations have many of their roots in the past. There is information on the contributions that Adam Smith, Henri Fayol, Frederick Taylor, and Max Weber made to the field of management. Students will learn about the influence the industrial revolution had on management practice as well as classical contributions to modern management and how classical writings are applied today. Lesson 2 - “Management Approaches” and places emphasis on the various approaches to management used today to include the process approach, systems approach, and the contingency approach, and the different points of view that people have toward management. Students will learn that some approaches are more oriented to treating people well and others are more oriented to structured practices and processes. Emphasis is placed on the importance of considering both the satisfaction of workers and the efficiency and effectiveness of work.